What is the Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS) - 201?

Answer: 

FIPS 201 is the technical standard that HSPD-12 required the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) to develop. FIPS 201 is entitled _Personal Identity Verification (PIV) for Federal Employees and Contractors.? The standard requires the collection of fingerprint and facial information for inclusion on the credential. (Government agencies already use such information to differing degrees depending on the agency.) The PIV credential will contain both a "contact" smart chip and a "contactless" chip. Containing both a "contact" and "contactless" chip will allow the credential to be read by devices that need direct contact with the credential and devices that can read the credential remotely. FIPS 201 was issued on February 27, 2005. The first revision of FIPS 201-1 was finalized in June 2006. The second revision of FIPS 201-2 was finalized in August 2013.

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